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Psychology: Can it be Regarded as a Science?

Psychology is defined as a scientific discipline, designed to study and understand the behavior of humans and other species. While Science, in its own text, is defined as the systematic study and knowledge of natural or physical phenomena. Achieving this understanding is an infinite quest for all scientists, psychologists and even for us humans. It is having the power, the knowledge and finally the intelligence to be able to understand and explain everything about ourselves, such as the human biological processes, our physiological systems, our cognitive, social approaches to life , and even the different cultural environments that exist among us. Many scientific methods, statistical data, case studies, and naturalistic observations are used in this quest for discovery. Both Psychology and Science, together, allow our own understanding of life to continually change, develop and move forward to a higher hierarchy. Science provides us with the fundamental, thriving technology to assess and measure new discoveries, however it is our own advancing, curious minds that allow us to seek and question these new findings. In my opinion, Science is a process of minds that are creative , intuitive, imaginative and social. And as scientists and psychologists are goal is the same: To discovery new meanings and to understand ourselves, as well as each other better.

Everything that exist can be explained with the power of science. Biology allows us to study living organisms, Chemistry is a science that studies the properties of substances and their combinations and reactions, while Physics is a science of properties of matter and energy. It is through these sciences that everything can be explained and proven to exist. The process of science includes observation-based discovery and the testing of explanations through the hypothetico-deductive method. A very strict empirical method is applied in science and the analysis of facts and statistical data are vital in scientific investigations. The repeatability of verifiable observations and measurements and experiments are perceived as the raw data and it is this information that scientific credibility depends on. To prove a theory it must be supported by an accumulation of extensive and varied evidence. Through a formal process of inquiry, known as the scientific method, science can objectively research data which is required to prove or support a hypothesis, allowing them to proceed to the next series of steps; prediction of future outcomes.

Now that we have established the methods used in experiments, and have a more depth insight of the definition of science it is evident that psychology has its very own individual form of methods and clearly does not follow this norm of what a science is. This is our own perception of a science and how answers should be found: clearly and with precision. Answers that can be presented, measured and proven. Psychology also uses this approach, to an extent, but pushes the boundaries of discovery further. The science of psychology is not a new science but something that has existed for centuries, growing all the time, influencing and merging with other sciences. Psychology can and should be regarded as a science as it examines and observes human behavior in a introspective view, for example looking at human thoughts/feelings/emotions/ and actions. It then interprets theses complex characteristics in an imperialistic fashion, explaining the chemically reactions and biological processes which take place within the human body, known Psychobiology. Psychology tries to view the world and explain processes of life using different approaches such as structuralism, functionalism, empiricism and associationism to give different perspectives in the study of the human mind and behavior . This science does not comply to the general rule of observing the world in a one dimension of facts and statistical data. It focuses on developing theories on human functioning, often developing new approaches to current knowledge.

Theories are important in both science and psychology, as they are the backbone material in establishing an idea. Science advances through new theories and tries to tie together specific observations and experimental results that previously seemed unrelated. Psychology also tries to achieve this goal of relating observations and experimental results in this form so that future observations can predicted.

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