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Psychology of the mind

His style is normally focused on the general public. The messages that he tends to create are for those people that have a concern for the world today, and how to make it a better place. In order to read the book, he made it so you would need at least a high school education. Most of the message portrayed in this book was for those that have an interest of the effect of the I.Q. score, and the judgment of if this is a valid to judge people on that basis. Through a personal opinion, I do feel as if the work is scholarly, and you can tell that the other has a strong background on psychology. He starts off the book in a narrative perspective and takes these narratives and forms an imaginative picture for the reader to obtain a clearer understanding of his message. He gives out points to his message, and than use real occurrences to support his point, theory or phenomenon, than he returns back to his theory and encourages the reader to believe what he says is true. In the word choice that he uses he tend to use a good variation of vocabulary, but he also tries not to go to over board, so that the book can be a clearer reading. Even though the book tend to drag in the beginning, as you follow through the reading it started to pick up the pace and give a more enjoyable pace towards the read.

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His style of writing was more towards the popular psychology. He took instances and analyzed it. He tried to define why some occurrences followed a certain way supporting what he believes. The book itself was a non-fiction, self-help target, made to encourage a world of a higher intelligent view which you normally don’t obtain from school.

Underlying issues of psychology
The author identifies and defines the many categories that people fall into with regards to psychology. He discusses why those people are prone to that psychological behavior, factors that attribute to that behavior, and possible solutions to remedy that sort of behavior. The behaviors include aggression, depression, shyness, and emotional apathy. As well as describing the factors that cause these emotions, the author discusses the brain activity of these emotions as well. Neural hijackings refer to the event when a reaction takes place before the neocortex, or the thinking brain, has a chance to grasp what is going on. In layman’s terms, this means when someone “jumps the gun”. An example of a neural hijacking would be when a kleptomaniac is in a store and has the sudden urge to steal. The person may well know the dire consequences of his actions, but the urge to steal would be almost instinctive and that person would just steal without a second thought. In the brain, “neural hijacking” occurs when messages are sent straight to the amygdala. The amygdala is the part of the brain that specializes in emotional matters. Children with autism are essentially emotion free; hence their amygdala is malformed or non-existent. Life without the amygdala is like a life without personal meaning. The working of the amygdala and the neocortex form the basis of what is known as emotional intelligence.

Another issue that this book states is the issue of academic and emotional intelligence. Academic intelligence is largely measured with an IQ test or other standardized tests. Emotional intelligence is measured in terms of how people identify with emotions of their own and the emotions of others. Academic intelligence is very limited. The IQ way of thinking states that either you are born smart or you’re not. However, studies show that academic intelligence does not guarantee that you will be successful in life. A person with a high IQ, but low emotional intelligence generally is less successful than people with moderate IQ and high emotional intelligence.

The author also stresses that teaching students the fundamentals at school such as mathematics and reading will not ensure them to be successful in the future. Although these subjects will surely help in their studies, more must be done to ensure success. As well as the fundamentals, the author believes that interpersonal and intrapersonal skills should be taught. These skills involve the ability for students to work together efficiently, as a team rather than individuals. These lessons in social interaction will surely play a major factor in whether these students will be successful in the future.

Flow is a trance-like state period of peak performance. A person in flow is demonstrating the best of their abilities in a certain field, be it sports or academics. A basketball player experiencing flow can consistently make shots, and a student experiencing flow while studying can come up with solutions to various problems quickly. Being able to enter flow is emotional intelligence at its best.

Another issue that this book identifies is the ability and the inability to restrain emotional excess, the book states that extreme emotions such as immobilizing depression or extreme rage should be avoided and appropriate emotion should be focused on. Ways to deal with this anger is also discussed, with such techniques such as cooling down, exercising, and self awareness.

Another major issue discussed pertaining emotions is worrying. Technically, the task of worrying is to come up with solutions for future hardships by anticipating dangers before they happen. Although this can be a good thing, chronic worrying can get in the way with life, or even destroy it. Worrying too much can lead to a feeling of helplessness, and in turn these feelings can lead to depression. Methods to control this worry are discussed such as being aware of the worry and questioning it.

The most important concept and issue discussed in this book is the ability to empathize with others. Empathy is the ability to know how another person feels, and this ability is at the basic root of all interpersonal skills. For example, when a baby cries, another baby will begin to cry. The other baby doesn’t cry because of its own troubles, but because it hears the other baby in distress. This case of empathy is apparent in infancy. The inability to empathize with others can be disastrous to a person and their surroundings. Serial rapists, child molesters, and other violent criminals all share the common trait of the inability to empathize. This disorder can be characterized with the term psychopathy. Psychopaths have the incapacity to feel empathy of compassion, so that’s why they do the horrible things that they do.

Emotional intelligence plays a major factor between the relationship between a man and a woman. Studies show that women are more vocal about their worries, while men tend to not discuss them. An early warning sign of a troubled marriage is harsh criticism. Partners generally tend to think that they are the victims of the situation, so they justify their criticism with this reasoning. These back and forth exchanges of insults can build anger and hurt. Eventually, this kind of marriage will almost always lead to divorce. The lack of empathy in a relationship will certainly not work out, since each partner will be selfish and tend to their own wants or leads. In order to overcome this barrier, communication is the key.

Studies show that emotions can be linked to disease. Emotions cannot necessarily cause or cure disease, but it can be a factor in acquiring the disease or help preventing it. For example, a body under stress is more susceptible to a cold or the flu. Another example is that being angry can cause a rise in blood pressure, therefore being harmful to the heart. Also, being depressed can amplify the damaging effects of a disease. Having no hope puts a patient at a higher risk of becoming totally vulnerable to the disease.

The ways a parent raises a child is crucial to the emotional and psychological well-being of their children. Aggressive behavior in children is most likely passed down from their parents. Ignoring a child or being especially vindictive when punishing them can really damage a growing child’s mental formation.

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